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What is wet AMD and why is it important in healthcare in Ireland? A: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual acuity loss in Ireland in the over-65s. While only 10 to 15 per cent may comprise the more devastating ‘wet’ or neovascular form, this is the form that causes 90 per cent of blindness. It is estimated that approximately 500 people develop this condition every year in Ireland. Wet AMD affects the central point of the retina, the macula, which is responsible for capturing central vision to make our vision sharper. This is the area we use to read and see faces.